Canadian merger notification and investment review thresholds increase 


January 2013

Competition Bulletin

Increases to a merger notification threshold under Canada's Competition Act and the investment review threshold under the Investment Canada Act have been announced:

Competition Act

The Competition Act generally requires advance notification of certain merger transactions involving operating businesses in Canada where "size-of-parties" and "size-of-target" financial tests both are exceeded:

  • The "size-of-parties" test requires that the parties to a transaction, together with their affiliates, have assets in Canada, or annual gross revenues from sales in, from or into Canada exceeding C$400 million.

  • The "size-of-target" test generally requires that the assets to be acquired or the value of assets in Canada owned by the corporation the shares of which are being acquired, or the annual gross revenue from sales in or from Canada generated by those Canadian assets, exceeds a specified threshold.  The threshold was set at C$77 million for 2012.

2009 amendments to the Competition Act provided for an indexing of the size-of-target test to reflect annual changes to Canada's gross domestic product. The Competition Bureau announced on January 8, 2013 that the size-of-target threshold will be increased to C$80 million for 2013. The 2013 threshold will come into effect following publication in the Canada Gazette, which the Bureau anticipates will occur on January 12, 2013. The "size-of-parties" test remains unchanged.

Investment Canada Act

The Investment Canada Act requires that any non-Canadian that acquires control of a Canadian business (whether or not that business is controlled by Canadians prior to the acquisition) must file either a notification or an application for review. For the purposes of the Act, a non-Canadian includes any entity that is not controlled or beneficially owned by Canadians.

Generally, direct investments (i.e., the acquisition of the shares or assets of a Canadian corporation) by WTO Investors are subject to pre-closing review and approval if the Canadian business:

  • Has assets valued in excess of an annual threshold, which for 2012 was set at C$330 million; or

  • is cultural in nature and has assets in excess of C$5 million.

The Investment Review Division announced in January 2013 that the review threshold for the direct acquisition of non-cultural businesses by WTO Investors likely will increase to C$344 million (from C$330 million in 2012), effective January 1, 2013. It is expected that the Minister of Industry will confirm that adjustment in the very near future.

For more information, please contact any member of our Competition Group.

a cautionary note

The foregoing provides only an overview and does not constitute legal advice. Readers are cautioned against making any decisions based on this material alone. Rather, specific legal advice should be obtained.

© McMillan LLP 2013